Decarbonising transport with ammonia fuels
Project Leader: Yi Yang
Staff: Yi Yang
Primary Contact: Yi Yang (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Keywords: air pollution and emissions abatement; chemical reaction kinetics; combustion and emissions; hydrogen; renewable energy
Disciplines: Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering,Mechanical Engineering
Domains: Optimisation of resources and infrastructure
Research Centre: Advanced Centre for Automotive Research and Testing (ACART)
This project is for a Joint PhD between University of Melbourne and Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
99% of transport energy is consumed in combustion engines today. Many of these engines will remain irreplaceable for decades to come for aviation, shipping and long-haul trucking. This makes transport a hard-to-abate sector, and its decarbonisation will largely rely on switching the energy source from fossil fuels to carbon-neutral fuels, particularly for reaching the net-zero carbon emission target. Most carbon neutral fuels under development, such as alcohols, hydrogen, ammonia, have considerably different chemical makeup and combustion properties from conventional hydrocarbon fuels, which present both opportunities and challenges for their application in combustion engines.
This project aims to develop low-carbon transport technologies via understanding the key processes in engine combustion where fuel plays the predominant role. Fundamental experiments and simulations of ammonia combustion will be conducted in world-class facilities, including a unique CFR octane rating engine and a high pressure plug flow reactor at the University of Melbourne and a high-pressure shock tube at Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
This research will enable the best use of low-carbon fuels and exploit their unique properties to achieve high-efficiency, low-emission energy conversion process for future transport.